The Beat Hamster
*** ill o.g. ***
Battle Points: 1
It's what Hip Hop was founded on.
From deejays spinning breaks from famous records, to producers piecing together sounds from various songs and creating masterpieces.
Hip Hop is sampling. Sampling is Hip Hop.
However, today sampling is scarce and frowned upon in the music industry, which in turn has greatly changed the face of Rap music.
Why? Money and laws.
I have recently been wondering what Hip Hop music would be like if sampling was allowed, at least to some degree.
I think it's worth exploring.
The Current State of Sampling in Music Production
The way it works now is - put simply - a broken system. If I were to sample someone else's original recording and used it in a beat that I created, and I didn't ask for permission, then it's considered illegal. I would have to either get permission from the original artist and/or music label, and have to pay some sort of fee to use that sample.
The problem is that it's not a fair system to the person that is doing the sampling.
"But sampling and not clearing is stealing!", one might say. True, but it's still a broken system.
What makes it broken is that it only benefits the original artist.
Allow me to explain.
A beat maker that samples a recording without legally clearing that sample is essentially setting themselves up for failure. That beat maker cannot legally upload their recording to any websites such as YouTube, SoundCloud, or even sell that beat. They COULD but it's not legal.
So, how does that make sense? If you are a beat maker that is completely unknown and are just making beats in your bedroom, you do not have the financial means to be able to clear that sample.
What ends up happening? We end up with nothing but computer-based beats, which, as I've mentioned in the beginning - changed the face of Rap music.
I have nothing against beats that are made with Ableton, FL Studio, Reason, Logic, etc., however, those types of beats sound nothing like the beats I grew up listening to.
I understand that times have changed and this is normal now, but a lot of this is due simply because of sampling laws. If beat makers today were able to sample whatever they want, it's obvious that Rap music would sound drastically different.
What's great about computer-based beats is that it's a great way to blend samples in with sounds from software, which creates a new sound.
The issue I have with these types of beats though is that it's made Hip Hop music sway too much in a completely different direction than it should be. As a result, the music has changed a lot and it has enabled anyone with a phone/tablet/laptop to make a "hot beat".
My Solution to Legalizing Sampling
Imagine if you could sample whatever you want and not have to worry about clearing it. What would that do to your work flow? How would your beats sound? I bet it would make your beats sound a lot different!
I suggest that a law be implemented where a person can sample any song for 5-10 seconds (I'm not sure what's best), and not have to have the sample cleared.
Here's where the * is added to that law.
There would be a special clause that states you DO have to clear the sample (and pay to use it), IF you are making money from your beat, AND have made at least X amount of money, OR have sold X amount of copies. And if you are profiting or not from the sample, you must always give full credit to the original artist.
Doesn't that make more sense? Here's my thinking:
Let's say I sample Bob James (who has been sampled countless times), and I make a beat. If I use that beat to simply promote myself, or to just play it for other people publicly, I never have to clear it.
If I sell that beat online as a non-exclusive beat (meaning that I can sell it over and over again to as many people as I want), or if my beat is part of an album that I'm selling - then the clause kicks in.
The law could state that if I sell more than 20,000 copies, I have to pay for the sample. Or the law could state that I have to make at least $50,000 from that beat. Then I would have to pay.
What's great about this scenario is that it's always going to benefit both parties. The beat maker only pays if they sell or make X amount, and the original artist will get paid if the beat maker is profiting nicely from it.
With the current system, one has to pay regardless of what they intend to do with the sample. We all know that for years the sampling laws have always had a grey area to it, so this is a perfect way to govern sampling the right way.
Of course, not everyone will agree with this idea regardless of how it's intended. To sample means one has to pay.
Fine, I get it.
However, it's always been tough to really decide if something is a sample that should be cleared or not.
If I were to sample a snare from a Roots song and I add another snare on top (or not) and make a beat with that snare - will the Roots ever figure out that I took their snare? Probably not.
But how come if I were to sample a guitar riff from the Roots, they would probably catch it right away? Because it's easily identifiable.
That drum snare is just a snare. It could be from anywhere. A guitar riff could still be hidden, but it could also catch the Roots' attention.
But technically I sampled their snare and should pay, right?
This is where sampling should be allowed. Music should be out there, shared with everyone to use as they see fit, so as long as they're not greatly profiting from it. Sort of like "open source" music.
There are even some artists in the past that stated they're fine with people sampling their songs.
It's the record labels that get in the way and pursue those that have not cleared samples.
You may think that I'm just saying all of this because I'm a beat maker and not someone that is creating original recordings by playing instruments. But that is false - I would not be happy if someone sampled one of my beats without permission and is profiting from it.
If they wish to use my productions for something non-profit, then I would be completely fine with it, as long as I receive full credit.
But if a law was in place to take care of all this, it would not only save a lot of people from headaches, it would also make sure artists are financially compensated or given full credit.
And Hip Hop music would sound a whole lot better.
Further Reading About Sampling